Android is a Linux Kernel based operating system that has been mainly developed for smartphones, tablets, and other similar devices. Since 2013, Android has been the best-selling Operating System for tablets. The user interface of the Android operating system is mainly designed on the basis of direct manipulation. You will find the Android operating system managing billion of devices starting from phone, tablets, watches, TV, cars, and so on. Apart from the touchscreen devices, Google has made the Android available for many other types of devices, such as Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and many more. The different types of Android operating systems are used on notebooks, digital cameras, and many other electronic devices.
Following are the major uses of Android:
Provides touch inputs in the default user interface.
Extends the functionality of devices by offering many applications that are developed using the Android Software Development Kit (SDK).
Manages processes to ensure minimum power consumption.
Provides a virtual reality platform that is managed by Google.
HISTORY OF ANDROID
The initial version of Android was released in November 2007, and the commercial version Android 1.0 was introduced in September 2008. The latest version of Android is Marshmallow that was released in December 2015. The timeline of introduction of Android is as follows:
Cupcake version 1.5 was released on 27th April 2009
Donut version 1.6 was released on 15th September 2009
Éclair version 2.0 was released on 26th October 2009
Froyo version 2.2 was released on 20th May 2009
Gingerbread version 2.3 was released on 6th December 2010
Honeycomb version 3.0 was released on 22nd February 2011
Ice cream Sandwich version 4.0 was released on18th October 2011
Jelly Bean version 4.1 was released on 9th July 2012
Kitkat version 4.4 was released on 31st October 2013
Lollipop version 5.0 was released on12th November 2014
Marshmallow version 6.0 was released on 5th October 2015
ANDROID OFFICIAL WEBSITE
ADVANTAGES OF ANDROID
Multitasking: Allows you to perform multiple tasks simultaneously on an Android device, such as browsing Facebook and listening to music
Simple Notifications: Displays the notifications on the Home screen and provides the LED indicator.
Widgets: Allow you to work with widgets on the home screen and access various settings easily.
Diverse Phone Options: Provides functionality on a variety of Android devices, such as smartphone, smart watches, and many more
Google Maniac: Allows you to work with Google Play Store so that you can install applications of your choice on the device.
Available as open source: Allows you to download the operating system free of cost, as it is available as open source.
DISADVANTAGES OF ANDROID
Needs an active Internet connection and for that you can subscribe to GPRS as per your requirements.
Allows you to freely display advertisements either on top or bottom of an application.
Possibility of virus infection is higher than alternative.
Technion Israel Institute of Technology super-admin